There are around 2,000 species of termites recognized in the United States, but only about a dozen that most homeowners need to be concerned about.
Termites are a major threat to homes and structures, causing damage that can add up to a considerable cost. Taking the proper preventative steps ahead of time can save you thousands.
While it’s not a pleasant thought, the truth is termites are quite common. Here are the common types of termites to look out for in homes across the country.
Subterranean termites are by far the most common type of termite found in houses. These termites make their homes underground, in moist soil and areas near sources of water. They build mud tubes to gain access to the surface and search for food.
Subterranean termites consume cellulose from wood, paper, and other organic materials. Signs of these termites can range from damage to wooden components, hollow-sounding wood, or mud tubes on walls, up to 10 feet in length.
A tell-tale sign of an infestation is the presence of winged termites, indicating they are preparing to swarm and reproduce. Owners should be aware of the common signs of subterranean termites to prevent significant damage to the house and its structure.
Drywood termites are a type of termite problem found in houses that can cause severe damage to wooden structures. They are the most commonly seen termite pest problem in the United States, and live in drier climates. They feed on dead wood and tend to attack wood exposed to air, such as wood framing in homes.
Drywood termites typically enter homes through tiny holes in walls or floors. They thrive in and require a warm and humid environment to survive, which is why homes are often vulnerable to attack.
Signs of a termite infestation include piles of fecal pellets, sawdust outside of tunnels and galleries, and wood with a noticeable hollow sound when tapped. Control measures, such as baiting, fumigation, and spot treatments, can be taken to get rid of drywood termites.
Formosan termites are a form of subterranean species and are considered one of the most destructive of all termites. They nest in soil, but can also nest in wood or buildings due to their capability of creating mud tubes. The colonies are typically very large, meaning they can cause a great deal of damage to a home in a short amount of time.
Formosan termites have wings that are unequal in size, and they deposit masses of termite eggs that look like honeycombs. They cause huge amounts of damage to homes, as they can access food sources often undetected due to their vast network of underground tunnels.
Homeowners should be aware that Formosan termites can do severe damage in a brief period of time, and they should take immediate action if they suspect their home has become infested.
Beware of the Common Types of Termites
In conclusion, termites are a very common pest found in houses. There are three common types of termites found in homes: Drywood, Formosan, and Subterranean termites.
Identifying the species of termite is the first step in determining the best extermination plan. If you can’t identify the species, it’s time to call a professional for help to get your house back to normal.
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